community interactions

Restoration under rapid environmental change

The urbanized San Francisco Bay, one of the most important coastal estuaries in the U.S., lies at the intersection of efforts to manage and restore critical habitats that support numerous threatened species. Experimental plots in San Francisco Bay have been established to study restoration of two important foundation species: the seagrass Zostera marina and the native Olympia oyster Ostrea lurida.

Ecological interactions in managed systems

Anthropogenic effects, notably, habitat conversion from natural to managed systems, can alter interactions between plants, insects, and microbial communities; but these effects on such complex systems are poorly understood. Bacteria and yeast that live in floral nectar affect pollinator visitation and influence floral characteristics.